Know about Jallianwaala Bagh Massacre.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

The Jallianwaala Bagh Massacre took place on 13th April, 1919 in Jallianwaala Bagh, Amritsar

  • The protest against Rowlatt Act was going on in whole India.

  • During this time on 9th April two nationalist leaders Saifuddin Kitchlew and Dr. Satyapal were arrested by British officials without any provocation.

  • On 10th April, thousands of Indian protesters came out to show solidarity with their leaders. But the protest turned violent when Police resorted to firing.

  • To quell the disturbances troops were sent

  • To restore law and order martial law imposing authority was given to Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer. By then the city has returned to calm and only peaceful protests were being held.

  • Then also, general Dyer issued a proclamation forbidding people from leaving city without pass and from organizing demonstrations or procession or assembling in groups of more than three.

  • On 13th April,the Baisakhi Day people gathered at Jallianwala Bagh to celebrate the festival, unaware about the prohibitory order. Some local leaders have called for a protest meeting at the venue also but as per known facts majority gathered there to celebrate the festival of Baisakhi.

  • In the peaceful meeting even two resolutions were also passed :

    1. Calling for repeal of Rowlatt Act

    2. condemning the firing by Police on 10th April

  • Birgadier Dyer then arrived at the Jallianwala Bagh along with armed troops.

  • The troops surrounded the gathering , blocked the exit points and opened fire on the unarmed crowd without any giving them any warning or time to disperse.

  • According to British Indian Sources 379 were dead and 1,100 were wounded. But the Indian National Congress estimated more than 1,000 killed and 1500 wounded.

  • Rabindranath Tagore renounced his Knighthood in protest.

  • Mahatama Gandhi gave up his title of Kaiser-i-hind, bestowed by British for his work during Boer war.

  • Seen in an objective way Jallianwala Bagh ensured the Beginning of the end of British Raj in India.