What is Jal Jeevan Mission ?

Government of India has restructured and subsumed the ongoing National Rural Drinking Water Programme(NRDWP) into Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) to provide Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household i.e., Har Ghar Nal Se Jal (HGNSJ) by 2024.

The following kinds of works/ schemes are proposed to be taken up under JJM:

i.) In-village water supply (PWS) infrastructure for tap water connection to every household;

ii.) Reliable drinking water source development/ augmentation of existing sources;

iii.) Transfer of water (multi-village scheme; where quantity & quality issues are there in the local water sources);

iv.) Technological intervention for treatment to make water potable (where water quality is an issue, but quantity is sufficient);

v.) Retrofitting of completed and ongoing piped water supply schemes to provide FHTC and raise the service level;

vi.) Grey water management;

vii.) Capacity building of various stakeholders and support activities to facilitate the implementation.

Service level delivery under JJM:

The goal of JJM is to provide functional household tap connection to every household with service level at the rate of 55 litres per capita per day (lpcd).

The institutional mechanism under JJM:

i) National level : National Jal Jeevan Mission
ii) State level :  State Water and Sanitation Mission (SWSM)
iii) District level : District Water and Sanitation Mission (DWSM)
iv) Gram Panchayat level : Paani Samiti/ Village Water & Sanitation Committee (VWSC)/ User group

Financial Implication and Funding Pattern under JJM:

Total estimated cost of JJM is Rs. 3.60 Lakh Crore. The fund sharing pattern between Centre and State is 90:10 for Himalayan (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh) and North-Eastern States, 100:0 for UTs and 50:50 for rest of the States.

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