Rajasthan has the second largest mineral reserves in the country. Rajasthan produces 42 varieties of major minerals and 23 varieties of minor minerals. Presently, the state is the sole producer of Jasper and Wollastonite and a leading producer of many other minerals. Studies by scientists of GSI have indicated presence of gold and copper deposits in villages of Alwar and Banswara districts of Rajasthan.
The main minerals found in different parts of Rajasthan are:
Barytes: Major deposits are found in Alwar and Udaipur districts.
Calcite: Bikaner, Sirohi, Udaipur, and Jaipur district.
Clay: Bikaner, Pali, Jaisalmer, Nagaur, Barmer, Bhilwara, Ajmer etc.
Dolomite: Ajmer, Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Jaipur, Jodhpur, etc.
Fluorite: Dungarpur, Jalore, Sikar
Garnet: Udaipur, Ajmer, Bhilwara, Tonk, Rajsamand
Gypsum: Nagaur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner
Potash: Lakhasar, Gussainsar, Bikaner, Kalu, Ganganagar area.
Rock phosphate: Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Jaipur, Banswara
Silica Sand: Bundi, Bikaner, Sawai Madhopur, Jaisalmer, Jaipur
Siliceous earth: Barmer and Jaisalmer
Wallastonite: Sirohi, Udaipur, Ajmer.
Granite: Spread over 23 districts. Main producer Ajmer, Banswara, Barmer, Bhilwara.
Marble: Out of 32 districts of state, 17 possess marble deposits. Major ones are- Ajmer, Alwar, Jaipur, and Jaisalmer.
Limestone: Jaisalmer, Chittorgarh. ( Rajasthan is the 3rd largest producer of limestone after Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh).
Lignite: Bikaner, Nagaur, Barmer.
Uranium: Rohil, Sikar